The field of minimally invasive surgery for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a dynamic one, with new modalities emerging into clinical and experimental use with diverse efficacy and safety profiles.

The use of these surgical devices allows surgeons to target a large area without blocking the urinary passage. However, careful handling of the electrode is important to avoid perforation of the prostate capsule. Furthermore, the capsular fibers of the prostate can be visible in the vaporized tissues, which can be used to highlight visual characteristics of adenomatous tissue.