Exploring The What, Why And How Of Merkle Tree In Blockchain – TechDogs

Imagine it as an upside-down tree, where each "leaf" represents a transaction. These transactions are then paired up and their combined data is transformed into a fix-sized code with the help of an algorithm, in a process known as hashing. This process continues, with pairs of nodes combined and hashed, until we reach the top of the tree, the Merkle Root. This single root hash represents all the transactions in the block, acting as a unique fingerprint.